why did america go to war with vietnam

Should we trace it back to the 1940s when President Harry Truman authorized U.S. financial support of the French war in Indochina? Throughout the whole article every paragraph talks about why America did what they did over in Vietnam and how it affected us. Taken to its extreme, the Domino Theory suggested that other nations throughout Asia would become satellites of either the Soviet Union or Communist China, much like nations in Eastern Europe had come under Soviet domination. McCarthy saw communists everywhere in America and encouraged an atmosphere of hysteria and distrust. At the time, the capitalist South Vietnamese region was losing their fight against the communist North Vietnamese. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. Send the First Troops to Vietnam? In the 1950’s, John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State, had formulated the Domino Theory. In the 1972 presidential campaign, Democratic nominee George McGovern campaigned on a platform of withdrawing from Vietnam. Photo of Senator Joseph McCarthy. America’s involvement in Vietnam, that was to lead to a full-scale military attack on North Vietnam, was all part of the Cold War scenario that had enveloped world politics. The South was fighting against the Viet Cong, a communist party based in South Vietnam which was allied with North Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh helped initiate the First Indochina War, which took place from 1946 to 1954. American did not go to war with Vietnam in general, it/we went to war with/against the Communists who were concentrated in North Vietnam supposedly in concert with … Throughout the late 1960s, the mood in America transformed. Ousting and assassination of Ngô Đình Diệm Vietnam war facts are also ones of remarkable feats of courage, determination, and sacrifice. It marked the first time combat troops were inserted into the war. All Rights Reserved. Also the U.S. was afraid of communism taking over countries along with the reasons why America did not like the government of North Vietnam. The main reason for the U.S. involvement in Vietnam was to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. As war continued, desire to find an "honorable peace" was motivation to keep troops in Vietnam. President Dwight Eisenhower invoked the Domino Theory in a press conference held in Washington on April 7, 1954. McGovern lost in a historic landslide, which seemed, in some part, to be a validation of Nixon’s avoidance of a speedy withdrawal from the war. Learn why a country that had been barely known to most Americans came to define an era. In March 1965, President Johnson ordered U.S. Marine battalions to defend the American airbase at Da Nang, Vietnam. When Did the U.S. ” It was a scary thing and the U. S. ealized what it was up against and why they needed to go to war with Vietnam. Following Kennedy’s assassination in November 1963, the administration of Lyndon Johnson continued the same general policies of putting American advisers in the field beside South Vietnamese troops. In the 1950’s, John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State, had formulated the Domino Theory. It was against this backdrop that the first U.S. military advisers were sent to help the French battle the communists of Northern Vietnam in 1950. The Americans began supporting the South Vietnamese with political and military advisers in the late 1950s. The escalation continued throughout 1965, and by the end of that year, 184,000 American troops were in Vietnam. No nation recognized the new regime and the French returned and swept it away, with remnants hiding in the mountains. As 1963 progressed, the issue of Vietnam became more prominent in America. France'… His reference to Southeast Asia becoming communist was major news the following day. However, by the early 1970s the USA was forced to withdraw. Japanese forces invaded Vietnam during World War II. The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. Maddox DD-731 was the victim of an 'unprovoked attack' in international waters off Vietnam, the Navy announced in Honolulu 8/1. ", “The U.S. Army in Vietnam: Background, Buildup, and Operations, 1950–1967.”, "Military Health History Pocket Card for Health Professions Trainees & Clinicians.". Following the French withdrawal from Indochina, the solution put in place established a communist government in North Vietnam and a democratic government in South Vietnam. All in all America went to war with Vietnam for many of reasons. Nguyyan Dinh Thuan, Chief Cabinet Minister to President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam, confers with President Kennedy in his White House office today. The first wave of U.S combat troops invaded South Vietnam on March 8, 1965. ... On the other hand, the United States did manage to stay out of the First Indochina War between France and the … During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War), "President Warns of Chain Disaster If Indo-China Goes. During the Vietnam War, there were a variety of reasons why USA became increasingly involved. One of the main reasons it remains a source of argument is that it is difficult to say when the U.S. war actually began. The Korean War, sandwiched between the romanticism of World War II and America's traumatic experience in Vietnam, is often forgotten among the conflicts of … In retrospect, the United States did not do much to end communism and it ended on its own. The country spent much of the 1950s under the influence of the Red Scare, led by the virulently anti-communist Senator Joseph McCarthy. Related to this, the U.S. was adamantly against providing any aid to France that would in any way prop up France's … But things changed with an incident in the summer of 1964. Japanese forces invaded Vietnam during World War II. What Americans call the Vietnam War was the second of three wars in Indochina during the Cold War, in which the United States, the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China intervened in shifting patterns of enmity and alliance. The French were fighting in Vietnam to maintain their colonial power and to regain their national pride after the humiliation of World War II. The US entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of Communism.The objective is to make a country safe for the people to freely choose and live with their own government. Beginning in September, the Khanh government was succeeded by a bewildering array of cliques and coalitions, some of which stayed in power less than a month. The sentiment, especially among conservative voices in America, was that the sacrifice of so many killed and wounded in Vietnam would be in vain if America simply withdrew from the war. It began to send military advisors to help train and support the South Vietnamese army . There were a couple of reasons for this. National Archives. Under the Party’s leadership, Vietnam fought wars against Japan (1945), France (First Indochina War, 1946-1955), and America (Second Indochina War, 1954-1975). The United States had provided funding, armaments, and training to South Vietnam’s government and military since Vietnam’s partition into the communist North and the democratic South in 1954. Decades later, the US is again trying to extract itself from costly wars. The first wave of U.S combat troops invaded South Vietnam on March 8, 1965. Also, during that time the President of the United States declared that any country from their allies if demanded help to end communism, the US would provide it. What for? So, the US actually had its plate full of problems to deal with. The U.S. government had an interest in the conflict in Indochina from the end of World War II until the mid-1950s when France found itself fighting against a communist insurgency led by Ho Chi Minh. The main reason for the U.S. involvement in Vietnam was to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. Whatever happened in the confrontation, the Johnson administration used the incident to justify a military escalation. This is a question historians continue to debate. Fifty years ago, during the first six months of 1965, Lyndon Johnson made the decision to Americanize the conflict in Vietnam. There was an exchange of gunfire, though disputes about what exactly happened and what was reported to the public have persisted for decades. Why did the U.S. go to war in Vietnam? America went to war with Vietnam as a general way of trying to prevent Communism. Anti-communist sentiment at home influenced foreign policy views. Winston Churchill, and later Harold Wilson, may be thought of as having kept Britain out of Vietnam, but in actual fact, that was only once it had begun to escalate.. One was the Civil Rights War within the country, the other was the Vietnam War and another was the Cold War. The role of the United States in the Vietnam War began after World War II and escalated into full commitment during the Vietnam War from 1955 to 1973. The main reason for the United States of America to become apart of the Vietnam War was to end communism and since the Soviet Union was involved already, it seemed more inviting for them. April 30, 1970, Washington, DC. The basic principle was that if French Indochina (Vietnam was still a French colony) fell to the communist insurgency, which had been battling the French, the expansion of communism throughout Asia would be likely to continue unchecked. Its legacy was 58,220 American soldiers dead, a huge drain on the nation’s finances, social polarisation and the tarnishing of the reputation of the United States. In Korea, the objective was to drive the aggressors back into North Korea and occupy that portion of … The McCarthy Era was marked by dramatic accusations that communists had infiltrated the highest levels of American society as part of a global conspiracy. Instead his time in office is mostly associated with deepening American involvement in the war in Vietnam which ultimately proved futile. However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. The reasons for entering the Vietnam War no longer seemed so vital, especially when weighed against the cost of the war. By the end of 1967, American troop totals peaked in Vietnam at 490,000.. He was Amazon.com's first-ever history editor and has bylines in New York, the Chicago Tribune, and other national outlets. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed by both houses of Congress within days of the naval confrontation. Under the Party’s leadership, Vietnam fought wars against Japan (1945), France (First Indochina War, 1946-1955), and America (Second Indochina War, 1954-1975). Basically because the Vietnamese wanted to win more than the Americans did. "Military Advisors In Vietnam: 1963." One American crawled for three days to take a single shot that would change the course of the war. By January 1966, the number was more than 200,000. The U.S. involvement in South Vietnam stemmed from a combination of factors: France's long colonial history in French Indochina, the US War with Japan in the Pacific, and both Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong's pledge in 1950 to support Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh's guerrilla forces. That attitude was held up to scrutiny in a televised Capitol Hill testimony by a member of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, future Massachusetts senator, presidential candidate, and secretary of state, John Kerry. During the administration of Richard M. Nixon, the levels of combat troops were reduced from 1969 onward. But there was still considerable support for the war, and Nixon had campaigned in 1968 pledging to bring an "honorable end" to the war. One reason America went to war was because President Harry Truman authorized a military aid to the French. Internationally, following World War II, country after country in Eastern Europe had fallen under communist rule, as had China, and the trend was spreading to other nations in Latin America, Africa, and Asia as well. In 1954, the French lost and Vietnam was divided between north and south. The Real Reason America Lost the War in Vietnam: Japan. The U.S.S. "Military Health History Pocket Card for Health Professions Trainees & Clinicians." Since the 19 th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. Office of Academic Affiliations. With the vacuum caused by the defeat of Japan, an opportunity arose for the Communists to declare the "independence" of Vietnam in 1945. This stated that if one country fell to communism, then its neighbour would and then the neighbour to this country. 1972 presidential campaign, Democratic nominee George McGovern campaigned on a platform of withdrawing from Vietnam gripped America,,! Word home to the public, the Korean war began, pitting communist North Korean and Chinese forces the. Known to most Americans came to define an era Southern government and US forces to... And distrust March of that year, 184,000 American troops were inserted into the war in Indochina what was to. Upon by North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong landed in Da Nang, Vietnam had as! 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