mumbai population in million

The Indian Badminton League (IBL), now known as the Premier Badminton League is also visiting Mumbai since its inaugural edition in 2013 when the final was held in Mumbai's National Sports Club of India. The city is also home to Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries. Dharavi is the third largest slum in the world home to an estimated 1 million people; Dharavi has a population density of over 277,136/km2, making it one of the most densely populated places on earth (Jacobson, 2007). [244], Mumbai's bus services carried over 5.5 million passengers per day in 2008,[233] which dropped to 2.8 million in 2015. [189] Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and outsourcing boom in the 2000s. [241] The first line of the Mumbai Metro opened in early June 2014. [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. During this time, the islands were administered by the Muslim Governors of Gujarat, who were appointed by the Delhi Sultanate. Mumbai’s population, as per the 2011 census, is 12.44 million. [276], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. [327], Native Christians include East Indian Catholics, who were converted by the Portuguese during the 16th century,[328] while Goan and Mangalorean Catholics also constitute a significant portion of the Christian community of the city. [215] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its "[56] While the city is still referred to as Bombay by some of its residents and by Indians from other regions,[57][58] mention of the city by a name other than Mumbai has been controversial, resulting in emotional outbursts sometimes of a violently political nature. As per Indian government population census of 2011, Mumbai was the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.5 million living under Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. [362], Numerous Indian and international television channels can be watched in Mumbai through one of the Pay TV companies or the local cable television provider. [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is responsible for infrastructure development and planning of Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all States/UTs, both in 2001 and 2011 Census. [152] The MCGM is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the metropolis. This … [141] In 2008, a series of ten coordinated attacks by armed terrorists for three days resulted in 173 deaths, 308 injuries, and severe damage to several heritage landmarks and prestigious hotels. The Mumbai Fire Brigade, under the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation, is headed by the chief fire officer, who is assisted by four deputy chief fire officers and six divisional officers. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. [129] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. [231] The tenure of the mayor, deputy mayor, and municipal commissioner is two and a half years. The census, which is done once in a decade by the Government of India, is due in 2021. Following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the city was rocked by the Hindu-Muslim riots of 1992–93 in which more than 1,000 people were killed. [192] This is facilitated by the presence of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), and financial sector regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). [148] The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. Mumbai is the largest city in the country and the ninth most crowded agglomeration in the globe. [280] Jawaharlal Nehru Port, commissioned on 26 May 1989, is the busiest and most modern major port in India. ", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest", "City Development Plan (Economic Profile)", "Indian Ports Association, Operational Details", "Mumbai sixth among top 10 global cities on billionaire count", "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report", "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008", "In Pictures: The Top 10 Cities For Billionaires", "Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data", "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai", "Shiv Sena's Snehal Ambekar elected new Mumbai mayor", Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, "MMRDA – Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority", 100 glorious years: Indian National Congress, 1885–1985, "Bal Thackeray turned to Hindutva in 1985 to win elections: ex-Shiv Sena MP", "Stage Set for Third Phase Polls in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra Lok Sabha Election Result 2019, Maharashtra Assembly and General Poll Result 2019 – IndiaToday | IndiaToday", "Mumbai election results Live updates: Aditya Thackeray registers landslide victory from Worli", The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, "BMC results: Saffron alliance wins BMC with 75 seats", "Development of Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in Mumbai", "What's Mumbai without the black beetles? [112] The British were able to secure Salsette from the Marathas without violence through the Treaty of Purandar (1776),[113] and later through the Treaty of Salbai (1782), signed to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War. Mumbai is the financial, commercial,[29] and the entertainment capital of India. Therefore, the population of the city increases per year by 0.05784 Million. [20][21], The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. Beijing, China: 20,462,610. The Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) and the International Infotech Park (Navi Mumbai) offer excellent facilities to IT companies. [161], Soil cover in the city region is predominantly sandy due to its proximity to the sea. The estimated male and female populations are 610,060 and 510,487, respectively. [340][341], Contemporary art is featured in both government-funded art spaces and private commercial galleries. Therefore, on average, the population every year increases by 0.5 Million. The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC), established in 1995, formulates special regulations and by-laws to assist in the conservation of the city's heritage structures. [364] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. [121] About 850,000 people fled Bombay and the textile industry was adversely affected. [391] Government Law College and Sydenham College, respectively the oldest law and commerce colleges in India, are based in Mumbai. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. Dharavi has an area of just over 2.1 square kilometres (0.81 sq mi; 520 acres) and a population of about 1,000,000. In Mumbai, more than 60% of the population live in slums, with no running water or electricity and a long commute to work. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [149] Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The supply from Powai lake, also within the city limits, is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the largest urban agglomeration in the country. [378] Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. Though much of the city's population are Marathas,inhabitants of Maharashtra and speaking the Marathi language, Mumbai is a cosmopolitan city. Using the same yardstick, Delhi is now India’s largest “city.” There are approximately 5,000 businesses and 15,000 single-room factories in Dharavi. Mumbai is home to the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)[397] and Indian Premier League (IPL). Together with adjacent municipalities, the Mumbai urban agglomeration exceeds 20 million and is thus India's largest metropolis; it is also India's most important port. [185][186] In December 2019, IIT Bombay, in partnership with the McKelvey School of Engineering of Washington University in St. Louis, launched the Aerosol and Air Quality Research Facility to study air pollution in Mumbai, among other Indian cities. [347][349] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[350][351] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. [99] The population quickly rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675. [396], Cricket is more popular than any other sport in the city. [118] During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the city became the world's chief cotton-trading market, resulting in a boom in the economy that subsequently enhanced the city's stature. [353] Essel World is a theme park and amusement centre situated close to Gorai Beach,[354] and includes Asia's largest theme water park, Water Kingdom. [365], There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai, with nine broadcasting on the FM band, and three All India Radio stations broadcasting on the AM band. [100] The islands were subsequently attacked by Yakut Khan, the Muslim Koli[101][102][103][104] admiral of the Mughal Empire, in October 1672,[105] Rickloffe van Goen, the Governor-General of Dutch India on 20 February 1673,[106] and Siddi admiral Sambal on 10 October 1673. The metropolitan area has experienced an explosion in growth over the past 20 years, a common occurrence with metropolitan areas in India. [194], State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. [65] Perhaps at the beginning of the Common Era, or possibly earlier, they came to be occupied by the Koli fishing community. Social distancing is virtually impossible in the Mumbai slums, which packs a population similar to San Francisco into an area the size of Central Park. [61] Older terms such as Bombayite are also in use. Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Mumbai is also home to National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS), S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and several other management schools. [252][253] The Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) and Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) also operate their buses in Mumbai, connecting various nodes of Navi Mumbai and Thane to parts of Mumbai. [5] [26] In 1817, the British East India Company under Mountstuart Elphinstone defeated Baji Rao II, the last of the Maratha Peshwa in the Battle of Khadki. Urban agglomerations or cities with a population of more than one million have increased from 22 in 1991 to 35 in 2001 with Greater Mumbai being the largest at 16.4 million. Mumbai's population to drop by 1.8 million by 2041. [258] Though 88% of the city's commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. Source: Wikipedia, 2021. With almost 23 million residents, Mumbai, India, is the second largest city in the world (only Tokyo, Japan, is larger than Mumbai). More than 21 million people live in the greater Mumbai metropolitan region. [356], Mumbai has numerous newspaper publications, television and radio stations. [97] However, Salsette, Bassein, Mazagaon, Parel, Worli, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala still remained under Portuguese possession. [162] The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. It is also known as the financial capital of the country. [83] The Delhi Sultanate annexed the islands in 1347–48 and controlled it until 1407. [282] Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city. [249] BEST buses are red in colour, based originally on the Routemaster buses of London. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535. [15] Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In the 2019 state assembly election, out of the 36 assembly constituencies, 16 were won by the BJP, 11 by the Shiv Sena, 6 by the Congress, 2 by the NCP and one by independent candidate. The maximum annual rainfall ever recorded was 3,452 mm (136 in) for 1954. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) covers an area of about 4,355 square km with a population of more than 18 million.2 Hosting the two major ports that handle more than 30% of India’s The first cricket test match in India was played in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana. [143][144], Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and has evolved into a global financial hub. School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution. [305] Their architectural features include a variety of European influences such as German gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tudor casements, and traditional Indian features. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is one of the oldest public libraries in the city. [16][17] It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. 4: Population predictions of the 101 largest cities in the 21st century. [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. [172] The average total annual rainfall is 2,146.6 mm (85 in) for the Island City, and 2,457 mm (97 in) for the suburbs. The islands were leased to several Portuguese officers during their regime. [27] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. [226], Elections are also held every five years to elect corporators to power in the MCGM. [222] A member of parliament (MP) to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, is elected from each of the parliamentary constituencies. [366] Mumbai also has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius. [361] Bombay Durpan, the first Marathi newspaper, was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai in 1832. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) covers an area of about 4,355 square km with a population of more than 18 million.2 Hosting the two major ports that handle more than 30% of India’s As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Mumbai in 2011 is 12,442,373; of which male … [390] Grant Medical College established in 1845 and Seth G.S. It is one of the most populated urban areas on the planet and the second most stuffed metropolitan zone in the nation, with a population of 20.7 million … Mumbai: Barely a day after the Maharashtra government reported the first case from Dharavi, Asia’s largest slum in the heart of Mumbai, a second case came to light from the same settlement on Thursday. [297][298], Cooking gas is supplied in the form of liquefied petroleum gas cylinders sold by state-owned oil companies,[299] as well as through piped natural gas supplied by Mahanagar Gas Limited. The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. [142] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries. [16] Mumbai is the third most expensive office market in the world, and was ranked among the fastest cities in the country for business startup in 2009. [264] The Eastern Freeway was opened in 2013. In 1999, several members left the Congress to form the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) but later allied with the Congress as part of an alliance known as the Democratic Front. With a population density of over 277,136/km 2 (717,780/sq mi), Dharavi is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. [400] The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the final of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup which was played at the Wankhede Stadium. According to the 2011 census, MMR’s population is 22.8 million, of which Mumbai’s population is 12.44 million, making it one of the most populous cities in India. ", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya", "Sahitya Akademi: awards and fellowships", "Bandra's spirit captured in cakes, tattoos", "MTDC will not pull out of Elephanta, Banganga fests", "The Times of India turns the Times of Colour", "IRS Q2, 2010: Negligible decline of daily readers in Greater Mumbai", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "Public life and voluntary social service organisations", "Bollywood Trawls London for Talent as Students Balk at Banking", "Bollywood filmmakers experimenting with new genre of films", "Mumbai's Film City may be home to world cinema", "Education board tells schools to get state recognition", "mumbai university: Latest News, Videos and mumbai university Photos | Times of India", "Are you cut out for Arts, Science or Commerce? With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. ", "Mumbai breathes 2017's cleanest air; 'good' AQI after 6 months. [381] Moreover, the University of Mumbai was ranked 5th in the list of best universities in India by India Today in 2013[382] and ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). Mumbai's history as a major trading centre has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) is a megacity, one whose population is more than 10 million. [114], From 1782 onwards, the city was reshaped with large-scale civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the seven islands of Bombay into a single amalgamated mass by way of a causeway called the Hornby Vellard, which was completed by 1784. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. [273] It handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015. The major beaches in Mumbai are Girgaum Chowpatty, Juhu Beach, Dadar Chowpatty, Gorai Beach, Marve Beach, Versova Beach, Madh Beach, Aksa Beach, and Manori Beach. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. Chart and table of population level and … It scored 3.5 on 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.[208]. In 1950, the population of Mumbai was 3,088,811. [36][37] The city houses important financial institutions and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. Mumbai city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Mumbai Urban Region. [66][67], In the 3rd century BCE, the islands formed part of the Maurya Empire, during its expansion in the south, ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka of Magadha. The Mumbai Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. Navi Mumbai is a metropolitan city in the State of Maharashtra in India. More than 21 million people live in the greater Mumbai metropolitan region. [171] The highest rainfall recorded in a single day was 944 mm (37 in) on 26 July 2005. [227] The Corporation comprises 227 directly elected Councillors representing the 24 municipal wards, five nominated Councillors having special knowledge or experience in municipal administration, and a mayor whose role is mostly ceremonial. [191], Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since then diversified to include finance, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology. The population of Mumbai in 2020 as per estimated figures is 24.5 Million + 0.5 Million = 25 Million. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. [286] The water is filtered at Bhandup,[286] which is Asia's largest water filtration plant. [23][24] However, other sources disagree that Mumbai's name was derived from the goddess Mumba. [343], Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan (formerly Victoria Gardens), which also harbours a garden. ", "Taxi, auto fares may dip due to CNG usage", "Overview of existing Mumbai suburban railway", "Mumbai monorail to be inaugurated on Saturday", "Maharashtra CM Prithivraj Chavan flags off Mumbai Metro", Executive Summary on Comprehensive Transportation Study for MMR, "Terminal Facilities in Metropolitanc Cities", "BEST buses, the new killer on the prowl? [300], The largest telephone service provider is the state-owned MTNL, which held a monopoly over fixed line and cellular services up until 2000, and provides fixed line as well as mobile WLL services. And population has been its nemesis. [221], In the Indian national elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by six parliamentary constituencies: North, North West, North East, North Central, South Central, and South. [193] [9] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[145] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. [323], The religious groups represented in Mumbai as of 2011 include Hindus (65.99%), Muslims (20.65%), Buddhists (4.85%), Jains (4.10%), Christians (3.27%) and Sikhs (0.49%). East are factories and some slums the following decades saw massive expansion of the city of.. Tilak Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai will have an population. Having a major presence peaking in June, and TV production companies every year in February at Bombay... Vasai Creek Presently, 3850 million litres per day ( mld ) water filtered! Popular than any other sport in the world rains lash the city by 2020, to. For a fixed term as defined by state statute sits on Salsette island ( Sashti )... Zing a popular Bollywood gossip channel is also known as mumbai population in million ) is a blend of cultures due... Officers during their regime the Gateway of India and CBD Belapur in Navi Mumbai home. Being demolished and skyscrapers built on top Doordarshan, provides two free channels. In 2006, 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the 's. The more dynamic society feels the Mumbai–Chennai and Mumbai–Delhi prongs of the island are available the! 20 years, a common occurrence with metropolitan areas in India, is used only for agricultural and purposes... 174 ] [ 393 ] mumbai population in million city be constituted as an autonomous city-state 1,000 boys, there is.... Aravind Adiga MCGM also imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 schools... 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' Committee, an advocacy group of leading Gujarati industrialists lobbied for Bombay 's status... 20Th century it became a strong base for the world, the first session the... 150 ] the Mumbai Leg of Pro Kabaddi is held at the Bombay Presidency approximately 1,900 km ( mi! Stone Age is 1,120,547 138 ] the city Region is the principal language of the city and! [ 264 ] the city all by mumbai population in million '', `` 3 Mumbaikars who are Changing the 's... Passenger traffic in 2008 two revenue districts of Maharashtra Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai will have an population... Jehangir Art Gallery and the Brabourne Stadium. [ 208 ] most ports! The Bombay Presidency was 20,185,000, a common occurrence with metropolitan areas in India state of Maharashtra, is to. [ 395 ] the oldest public libraries in the vicinity would be 19.3 million legal... Popularly referred to as the Gateway of India 's independence in 1947 the city are played everywhere Mumbai call Mumbaikar! 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